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Nuestras aportaciones en Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Country information

Constituted after the War of Independence from Pakistan in 1971, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is situated in the delta between the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers, in the Bay of Bengal. Its nearly 150,000 square kilometers of territory is surrounded almost entirely by India, except for a small strip of land bordering Myanmar in the southeast. With 154 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most densely populated country in the world.

Its tropical climate is characterized by mild winters from October to March, hot and humid summers from March to June and a monsoon season from June to October. The country periodically suffers natural disasters such as floods, cyclones and tornadoes, which only exacerbate the impoverished situation in which a good part of the population lives.

Country Profile

Country profile

  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Population: 154,695,400
  • Human Development Index (HDI): Rank 142 of 187
  • Population living below poverty level (on less than $1.25 a day): 43.3%
  • Life expectancy at birth: 70.3 years old
  • Under-five mortality rate: 41 deaths for every 1,000 live births
  • Persistence to last grade of primary school: 66.2%
  • Adult literacy rate: 57.7%
  • Literate women per 100 literate men: 86.2
Sources: UNDP Report 2014 / Unicef

Educo in the country

  • Year activities were initiated: 2001
  • Type of intervention: Direct
  • Annual budget: €2,389,559 (2015)
  • Office in Bangladesh: Road -138, House -12, Gulshan -1, Dhaka -1212, Bangladesh

Problem issues

Child exploitation is one of the most serious problems in Bangladesh. In fact, an estimated 7.7 million children between 5 and 17 years of age work in precarious conditions for miserable wages. It is not uncommon to see children working in textile factories, metal shops, the shoe industry, rock mines, or looking to scrape together a living by sorting through junk and scraps.

On the other hand, a lack of sanitary facilities and below-standard living conditions expose the population, especially children, to infectious and respiratory disease.

Apadrina a un niño de Bangladesh

“Cuando sea abogada apoyaré a las personas honestas, porque mucha gente es víctima de la injusticia y me duele".

Ruby Akter, 11 años

“No hay escuela en nuestra comunidad. Muchos venimos a la de Educo desde muy lejos, incluso en barco”.

Papiya Akhter, 11 años

“Mi familia es muy pobre. Nunca había soñado con un futuro seguro hasta que entré en la escuela de Educo”.

Abdur Rahman, 11 años

Dona una Beca Ella a una niña de Bangladesh

La educación en secundaria disminuye un 64% el número de matrimonios precoces de niñas y un 59% los embarazos antes de los 17 años

“Mi familia ya no podía pagar el pasaje del bus ni los materiales escolares. Ahora, gracias a la beca, he vuelto a la escuela.”

Febe Izamar, 14 años. El Salvador

“Me gustaría servir de inspiración. Si las mujeres accedemos a la educación, la comunidad se desarrollará.”

Jannatul Mousumi, 16 años. Bangladesh

Educo’s actions

We carry out projects in the slums of Dhaka and rural areas to the north of the capital in order to provide education and support 18,000 boys and girls living in extremely precarious conditions.

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Educo Orphanage Shishu Nibash

Protección de la infancia

Educo Orphanage Shishu Nibash

Educo Orphanage Shishu Nibash

Beneficiaries
46 children from 12 to 17 years old
Duration
Current project

Intervention area

Dhaka

Description

In Bangladesh, children’s survival and development is seriously jeopardized by poverty, malnutrition, disease, abuse and exploitation. These factors contribute to the breakdown of the family unit and communities, which in turn leads to an increase in the number of children who are abandoned or exposed to all types of abuse and deprivation. It is estimated that more than half of the country’s children are deprived of basic rights such as access to healthcare, water, education or even a home, according to a study by Unicef. 
In 2001, Educo established the Shishu Nibash orphanage in Dhaka to offer shelter to orphaned or abandoned children and provide them with all of the affective and educational care they need. In addition to covering basic needs such as shelter, food, education and health, the orphanage provides them with a home where they can grow and develop.

Currently, the center is home to 46 children without families (30 girls and 16 boys). The majority have been living together for some years, alongside our educators, who guide them, care for them and accompany them in their cognitive, physical and emotional development.

The care given to these children has adapted to their development; as such, the early stimulation programs they enjoyed some years ago have now given way to actions to boost their capacities and facilitate their integration in society in such a way that they will be able to be as self-sufficient and independent as possible, within their individual potential. The center organizes diverse activities, such as workshops to foster social skills, group trips, sports competitions and cultural activities. Sometimes they collaborate with other organizations working with children, which exposes the children to other groups.

The children live in the orphanage but attend outside schools during the day. Of them, nine attend inclusive schools which respond to the special educational needs.
 


 

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Improving access to quality education

Beneficiaries
7.254 children; 175 teachers; 12.648 parents
Duration
January 2012-present

Intervention area

Dhaka region (Districts of Dhaka, Gazipur, Mymensingh and Narayanganj)

Description

Many children in Bangladesh do not go to school and this is due to various reasons, such as poverty, lack of schools, distance between home and school, families' lack of awareness of the importance of children’s education and, in the case of girls, early marriage.
This project makes it possible for many girls to access a quality education in the 31 Educo primary schools in the country: 15 in the slums of Dhaka and Narayanganj and 16 in the impoverished rural areas of Gazipur and Mymensingh.
These centers provide an education from kindergarten through the seventh grade, following the curriculum established by the government. The students take the official exams just like the rest of public school students in the country; this way, we avoid the problems faced by other organizations who follow their own curriculum and whose students' studies are not recognized by the government.
In addition to providing access to education, our schools also offer a favorable environment in which for students to learn. We do this not only by carefully maintaining the school installations, but also by equipping these centers with modern didactic material and training teachers in new classroom methods; piquing students’ interest in their studies and helping them discover their potential through extracurricular activities; introducing new technologies as a part of the learning process; and encouraging students to participate in the management and functioning of the school centers.

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Improving education for working children

Beneficiaries
1,006 children, 2.581 adults (parents and employers)
Duration
January 2012-present

Intervention area

Dhaka (Shampur, Nayanagar, Korail, Banshbari and Hazaribag slums)

Description

In Bangladesh, more than 7.5 million children between 5 and 17 years of age must work to help their families survive.  Most of them are illiterate and work in precarious and exploitative conditions in exchange for miserable wages. Having to work means that many of these children and adolescents cannot go to school, which only perpetuates the cycle of poverty and marginalization. Many families not only see child labor as a necessity; it is also considered socially acceptable.
The project aims to provide children in five slums in Dhaka with access to education through Educo's five schools for working children. These centers provide a primary school education that has been adapted to working children’s schedules and capacities. Children can attend classes in two different shifts, so as not to coincide with their work day, and can cover five years of material in four years to make up for lost time. In addition to a free education, all children in the Educo schools receive uniforms, books and necessary school supplies.
Despite not forming part of the formal educational system, upon finalizing their primary school studies, the students in these schools can take the official exams to obtain a primary school certificate (Somaponi) and can later continue with their secondary education, if they choose, in the other formal education centers that Educo supports in Dhaka.
A key factor in the success of this project is the implication of the families and employers, which ensures that children can attend class and concentrate on their studies. We work to raise parents' awareness of the value of their children's education and of the problems of child marriage, in particular for girls. We also work to raise the consciousness of employers so that they recognize how important it is for children to dedicate part of their day to their studies.

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Improving communities' livelihoods

Beneficiaries
1,969 women
Duration
January 2012-present

Intervention area

12 neighborhoods in Dhaka and 15 rural communities (6 in Kaligonj and 9 in Mymensingh)

Description

Si la economía familiar mejora, los niños y niñas tienen más oportunidades de crecer sanos y de ir a la escuela. Bajo esta premisa, el proyecto tiene por objetivo contribuir a incrementar los medios de vida y la seguridad alimentaria de las familias, contribuyendo así también al desarrollo económico de sus respectivas comunidades.

When the family economy improves, children have more opportunities to grow up healthy and attend school. In light of this, the project aims to improve the livelihood and food security of the families, thus contributing to the economic development of their communities.
In fact, the project unifies two programs that Educo has been developing for several years, one in the rural area and the other in the urban setting. On the one hand, we work in 15 rural communities in Kaligonj and Mymensingh to improve food security and reduce the high levels of chronic malnutrition that especially affect children. To do this, we train women in domestic gardening and livestock and poultry breeding techniques, and teach them how to prepare healthy, nutritional meals. More specifically, we provide training to groups of fifteen women (called Food Security Groups) in technical and practical aspects such as plague control, seeding, crop diversification, harvesting, product storage, animal breeding, nutrition and food handling. Their technical training is complemented with training in basic economics, so that they can learn how to save, sell surpluses and manage their own resources.
In the urban areas, we help the families of students in the Educo schools to develop livelihoods and improve their income in an organized and responsible way. More specifically, the Educo team supports Self-Help Groups—formed mainly by women—so that they can organize and create products to be sold through small cooperatives. Our specialists provide guidance in production techniques, basic business management, savings culture, access to microcredits and market access, among other aspects. In many cases, they also provide physical spaces in which to carry out their activities. With this support, the women have learned to manage their own resources and increase their income through the sale of clothing or school uniforms, handicrafts, domestic items fashioned from jute, or food products, among other activities.

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Vídeos

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News

La vida desde los ojos de una niña rohinyá en el campo de refugiados más grande del mundo

27 July 2020

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Parveen lo logrará

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12 June 2020

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News

Cuando ser niño no es posible

09 January 2020

4 a.m. Suena el despertador. Ariful se despierta un día más en una de las múltiples chabolas de Dhaka. Todavía está oscuro afuera, y todos en su familia están profundamente dormidos. Ordena y limpia rápido su casa y decide saltarse el desayuno, no quiere llegar tarde al trabajo. Ariful solo tiene catorce años y trabaja desde los diez. Camina ráp...

Suhaila sueña con ser doctora

12 November 2019

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