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About the country

Spain

Country information

Spain experienced strong economic growth in the 1990s, which was cut short in 2008 by a crisis whose effects are still felt today. The recession has led to a decline in wellbeing and has left thousands of people in poverty. With the second highest unemployment rate in the euro zone (approximately 25%), Spain has watched how the population facing severe material deprivation rose to over 7 million in 2013 and 940,000 families were left without a source of income.

The crisis particularly affects children, whose poverty rate has soared to 29.9%, the second highest in Europe after Romania. This situation represents a significant violation of children’s rights.

Country Profile

Indicators

  • Human Development Index (HDI): Rank 23 of 187
  • Population at risk of poverty or social exclusion: 27.3% (*)
  • Life expectancy at birth: 82 years
  • Under-five mortality rate: 5 deaths for every 1,000 live births
  • Persistence to last grade of primary school: 97.8%
  • Adult literacy rate: 97.7%
  • Literate women per 100 literate men: 98.5
  • Under-16 population at risk of poverty or social exclusion: 35.4% (Eurostat 2014)
    Early school dropout rate: 21.9%
Sources: UNDP Report 2013 / UNICEF / INE / Eurostat 2014

(*) The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion is that which is in any of the following situations: 60% of the median income per consumption unit; severe material deprivation (with deficiency in at least 4 out of 9 items); households without employment or with low occupational intensity.

Educo in the country

  • Year activities were initiated: 1993.
  • Type of intervention: Direct and joint.
  • Annual budget: €1,844,612 (2013)
  • Head Office: C/ Guillem Tell 47. 08006. Barcelona.
  • Delegations in:
    • Andalusia. C/ Feria, 151, local. 41002 Sevilla.
    • Valencian Community. C/ Plaza Organista Cabo 6, bajo 1ª izda
    • Basque Country. Amertzi, 6, Oficina 3. 48011 Getxo
    • Galicia. C/ San Andrés, 143. 15003. A Coruña.
    • Madrid. C/ Salud, 8, 1º Derecha. 28013 Madrid

Problem issues

The economic crisis that has weighed upon families these last few years directly affects children; so much so, that two and a half million children in Spain are at risk of poverty. A direct consequence of this situation is malnutrition, and it is estimated that one out of every four children does not consume an adequate diet and that 200,000 children cannot afford to eat meat, poultry or fish every two days.

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Educo’s actions

We act in all regional communities of Spain through our School Lunchroom Program, social action projects aimed at vulnerable children, and awareness activities with the educational community and society at large.

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“Once there was a voice… what children have to say about violence”

Intervention area

España

Description

Once there was a voice…is a project in which more than 600 children have participated and voiced their opinion about violence against children. These voices explain, in their own words, where they feel most at risk, what the possible causes of this risk may be, what adults can do to protect them and, how children themselves can form part of the solution.
 
In this video you can see the results of the participatory process in which children between 10 and 12 years old have taken center stage through interviews, focus groups and, above all, their direct involvement in staging stories and scenarios that reflect real life situations and in which they engage in proposed courses of action. Do you want to discover them so you can collaborate in forming part of the solution?
 
Participating organizations: Asociación Aventura 2000, Asociación Ciudad Joven, Asociación Digmun, Asociación el Colletero, Asociación sociocultural Grupo Cinco Cuenca, Associació Educativa Itaca, Fundación Canaria Farrah, Fundación Iniciativa Solidaria Ángel Tomás, Fundación Juan Soñador, Fundación por la Acción Social “Mar de Niebla”, Fundación Social Universal, Málaga Acoge, Mojo de Caña.

With the collaboration of: Jordi Rabadán

Consult the documents (available in Spanish only):

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Global Campaign for Education – Hezkuntzaren Aldeko Munduko Kanpaina

Beneficiaries
Teachers and students in educational centers of Getxo, and local political representatives, communication media and municipal civil society. Organizations and unions belonging to the territorial Global Campaign for Education team.
Duration
12 months (September 2016-August 2017)

Intervention area

Getxo

Description

The Global Campaign for Education (GCE) is an international coalition of NGOs, unions, educational centers and social movements active in over 100 countries that engages in education, action and advocacy to demand quality education for all.

GCE was established in 1999 and, since then, has grown into an annual international event. For years, Educo as actively participated in the coordination of the territorial team in the Basque Country and in the campaign’s actions.

The aim of the campaign is to contribute to fostering citizens who are active, responsible, solidary and critical with the causes of inequality. More specifically, we seek to increase Getxorrean society's awareness about the importance of basic, free and quality education for all.

To do this, educational centers for people of all ages throughout the municipality work on the didactic units that we propose regarding the state of world education, especially problems related to access among certain collectives, such as women or other disadvantaged groups.  On the other hand, Getxo is the site of the main act of the Global Action Week in the Basque Country. During this event, children, young people and citizens at large demand quality education for all. They also use this opportunity to influence and inform local political representatives and communication media about the state of world education, with special emphasis on the situation of women and girls.

Project funded by:
ayuntamiento_Getxo.jpg

School Lunchroom Program

Beneficiaries
Children of families facing serious economic hardship.
Duration
Undetermined

Intervention area

All autonomous communities.

Description

In response to the situation of vulnerability which many children in Spain are facing due to the economic crisis—a situation that seriously affects their rights—Educo offers a School Lunchroom Program that helps guarantee that children in need can enjoy at least one balanced meal a day.

Contributions to the program cover at least 50% of the cost of a school lunch, which is the percentage that most public administrations subsidize. Throughout the school year, the contributions go to the schools; during the summer break, the contributions go to summer programs that provide participants with at least one meal a day.

The money is paid either directly to the schools or to the local organizations collaborating as a part of Educo’s network, all of which sign a collaboration agreement that stipulates the minimum requisites for participation.

Social Action Program

Beneficiaries
Children and adolescents in situations of vulnerability and at risk of social exclusion.
Duration
Undetermined

Intervention area

All autonomous communities.

Description

Since 2011, Educo has developed its Social Action Program, with the participation of local organizations committed to children in situations of vulnerability in Spain and working in the area of education that are interested in integrating a child rights-based approach.

The aim of the program is to provide economic and organizational support to entities with limited resources and proven experience in carrying out programs in their local areas, as well as to form a network for exchange, collaboration and mutual support.

The  actions include programs of social integration, school tutoring, healthy leisure time activities, the development of social skills, actions that tie learning with community service, prevention of addictions, support of maltreated children and volunteer training, among others.

Development Education Program

Estudiantes y docentes, miembros de organizaciones
Participants
Duración
Undetermined

Intervention area

All autonomous communities.

Description

Desde nuestras delegaciones en Andalucía, Cataluña, Euskadi, Galicia, Madrid y Valencia, y con el objetivo de promover una conciencia crítica hacia las injusticias sociales entre la comunidad educativa y la sociedad en general, desarrollamos un sinfín de actividades por toda España en escuelas, centros cívicos, bibliotecas, mercados, etc.

En las escuelas, formamos tanto a los profesores como a los alumnos en temas de derechos de la infancia para que ellos mismos sean conscientes de su papel como ciudadanos activos y puedan reclamar sus derechos en caso de que sean vulnerados.

Fuera de las escuelas también realizamos actividades como talleres, exposiciones, eventos deportivos, mercadillos e incluso acciones en la calle con el objetivo de hacer llegar nuestro mensaje al máximo de personas posible.

“My body is a treasure”

Protección de la Infancia

“My body is a treasure”

“My body is a treasure”

Intervention area

Cadiz Province. Campo de Gibraltar and La Janda Subdivisions.

Description

Fundación Márgenes y Vínculos has broad and recognized expertise in preventing abuse among children and adolescents.   The project “My body is a treasure” consists in teaching children, parents and professionals how to prevent or act in the face of sexual abuse.
 
Experience shows us that some 20% of children in Spain are exposed to sexual abuse before coming of age. We have observed that the school setting is the most appropriate forum for addressing this issue as a group. Before intervening with a child/student, it is necessary to address the issue with parents, teachers and external service professionals (health, social workers, etc.), so that they can provide an environment in which children feel comfortable reporting sexual abuse or seeking information in a situation of trust.
 
This program should form a part of a series of broader actions whose scope also includes emotional and sex or general health education.
 
The program is divided into three clearly defined thematic areas:

  • Section 1: My body belongs to me. This area places emphasis on distinguishing sensations that are pleasurable from those that are not, and on the importance of communicating to others when certain behavior is perceived as agreeable or disagreeable.  At the same time, assertive behavior is reinforced: children learn to clearly and unequivocally say “No” to certain behavior.  Knowledge and differentiation from male and female genitalia.
  • Section 2: My environment protects me. This area focuses on sexual aggression and how this can be prevented among both people that they know and strangers. The focus is on formulating “questions to a stranger”, questions that are aimed at becoming a personal resource that enables children to analyze how they should act in certain situations involving people they know and strangers. Differentiate between “good” and “bad” secrets.
  • Section 3: Asking for help until they listen to me. This section addresses the need to seek help from different people that they trust and the importance of not feeling guilty (something that is very common in people have suffered situations of sexual aggression or abuse). In short, breaking the silence of victims of abuse. Children are also provided with telephone numbers to call for help. Differentiate between gifts and bribes.

 
The activity is carried out over the course of 6 one hour-long sessions. The methodology is highly dynamic and participatory and employs theatrical representations as its main tool: three characters interpret different scenarios to the students, who then work in a group and reflect on what they have seen.
 
DURATION: 10 months.
Activity 1:
1.- Informative session with basic social service professional and family teams, accompanied by a social worker or health center social worker in the intervention area, about the preventive program. The corresponding Educational Guidance Team coordinator will also be present in the activity.
 
2.- Two-hour coordination session to normalize the intervention within the competencies of each of the parties.
 
Activity 2:
1.- Presentation of the project in the different educational centers, taking care to be consistent in: The assessment of the experience. Positive aspects and areas for improvement.
 
Activity 3:
1.- Application of the work sections with children in six one-hour sessions over the course of the school year. The training program consists in three thematic areas:
 
Section 1: My body belongs to me.
 
Session 1: Presentation. Students are given a pre-questionnaire to know their level of knowledge regarding sexual abuse.
 
Session 2: Belonging to the group, each body is a unique and wonderful treasure that should be respected and cared for; listening to our body and identifying positive and negative sensations; what is public and what is private; song “My body is a treasure”.
 
Area 2: My environment protects me.
 
Session 3: Distinguishing sensations that are pleasurable from those that are not; communicating to others when certain behavior is perceived as agreeable or disagreeable; learning how to say “No”; preventing online risks; asking adults we trust for help.
Protecting ourselves from strangers: If a stranger asks us to go with him or her: (2 questions)
1) Ask an adult we trust for permission.
2) Don’t go with the stranger without telling someone who can help us.
 
Session 4: Protection in our close surroundings:
Children are provided with:
- Appropriate responses to possible situations of sexual aggression and/or abuse, whether this involves contact or not.
- Tools for protecting ourselves from people in our environment who try to sexually assault us: How to act in the face of threats and distinguish between “good” and “bad” secrets.
 
Section 3: Asking for help until they listen to me.
 
Session 5: Protecting ourselves from intrafamily abuse; reinforcing the capacity to ask for help from adults we trust until someone listens; not keeping silent and not feeling guilty. Differentiate between gifts and bribes.
 
Session 6: Post-questionnaire; review of everything learned; evaluation questionnaire for teachers and family members.

Network of Organizations for Child Protection and Safeguarding

Participants
53 organizations that work with children and adolescents at risk for social exclusion or vulnerability.
Share your opinion
#InfanciaProtegida

Intervention area

All autonomous communities.

Description

We are a group of non-profit organizations that work with children and adolescents at risk for social exclusion or situations of vulnerability. The people who form this networks (professionals, volunteers and collaborators or other associated persons) are committed to defending and promoting Child Rights.
 
We work to make our organizations true spaces of Protection and Safeguarding for children, and so that their immediate surroundings (family, school, public spaces, administration, etc.) are, too. To do this, we introduce specific and verifiable methodological practices for prevention, identification, handling of incidences, reporting and self-evaluation, in accordance with international standards.
 
We promote the spread of Child Protection and Safeguarding by sharing learning and good practices.
 
READ OUR MANIFEST! 

The manifest “For the promotion of child protection and safeguarding in Spain” is the result of a collaborative effort between Educo and the 52 social organizations that form part of our Social Action Program.
This document emerged from the need to commit ourselves to acting in response to any practice or structure that converts children in victims of any kind of maltreatment.
With this manifest, we publicly renew our firm commitment to children and confirm the urgent need to spread a culture that guarantees children’s rights and eradicates all forms of abuse, discrimination or maltreatment against children in society.



Manifiesto Castellano
Manifiesto Catalán
Manifiesto Euskera
Manifiesto Gallego

Desarrollo de la Protección y el Buen Trato

 

Bizkaia, a pro-children state

Protección de la infancia

Bizkaia, a pro-children state

Bizkaia, a pro-children state

Beneficiaries
200 children and their families
Duration
12 months (July 2016 – June 2017)

Intervention area

Bizkaia

Local partners

Bidegintza, Margotu y centros educativos de Bizkaia

Description

The project aims to promote children’s rights in Bizkaia, by fomenting a respectful, participatory and child-friendly state model. More specifically, our goal is to encourage attitudes that are favorable to participation and committed to child rights and wellbeing both within the educational community and among the public administration and social entities.
 
The initiative consists in two courses of action. On the one hand, it seeks to guarantee that requests for school lunchroom grants in the region are covered and to support the work of two entities with which we work to attend to children and adolescents at risk for exclusion. Educo supports Bidegintza, an organization committed to promotion personal and community development, in its project Mantagorri, which aims to enhance the socio-emotional development of children in situation of vulnerability and to provide their families with means of educational support. In collaboration with Asociación Margotu we develop the program Hazten Lagunduz (Helping to grow), which provides educational and leisure activities and school support for 0 to 16-year-old children at risk of poverty and social exclusion.  The program supports 80 children and their families.
 
The second course of action is aimed at enhancing the capacities of children, families and public administrations (rights holders, secondary duty bearers and primary duty bearers, respectively, as per the classification used in child-centered programs) with respect to child rights and participation. Along these lines, we carry out a series of training activities with schools and social organizations under our project "Children's Rights and Participation".
 
With the collaboration of:


logo_Bankia-RedSolidaria2016.jpg

Educo Team

Education

Educo Team

Educo Team

Beneficiaries
The beneficiaries of the projects we develop in our program countries.
Duration
Undetermined

Intervention area

All autonomous communities.

Description

Our organization receives numerous calls from solidary children around Spain asking what they can do to fight social injustice. That is why we decided to create Educo Team, a platform through which youngsters can express their solidarity with different degrees of involvement. At educoteam.org we provide them tools and guidance for exchanging their solidary ideas on social networks, proposing initiatives or sharing related news.  On this website, they can download their Educo Team ID card and “activist kit”, with different materials that they can use to share their acts of solidarity.

Children like Alejandra, Marcos, Alex, Sara, Gema, Lydia and Mar have already organized a whole range of activities, from street bazars to solidary races, to the publication of an illustrated book to help children who do not enjoy the same opportunities as they do.

"Educart pel desenvolupament" ("Educart" for development)

Beneficiaries
440 children and adolescents
Duration
24 months (December 2015 – December 2017)

Intervention area

The Raval, Barceloneta and Ciutat Meridiana neighborhoods of Barcelona

Local partners

Xamfrà, Centre de Música and Escena per la Inclusió Social

Description

The project is aimed at improving the social integration of children and adolescents of three of the most disadvantaged neighborhoods of Barcelona through music and the performing arts. These children, many from immigrant families, face economic difficulties and social prejudice related to their cultural or ethnic background. These circumstances often lead to processes of exclusion that result in academic failure and social isolation.

The aim of the action is two-fold: on the one hand, to increase their self-confidence and overcome their feeling of marginalization; and, on the other hand, to transform the negative image that other people in the neighborhood have of them. The idea is that these children and young people become aware that they have the possibility to take action and change their lives and their environment.

In this sense, art is an idea means for promoting social cohesion and transmitting values life respect for diversity. Educo’s project takes advantage of the experience that the cultural association Xamfrà has in using theater, music and dance to integrate children from Barcelona’s Raval neighborhood and brings this to two other neighborhoods, the Barceloneta and Ciutat Meridiana, through the participation of public schools (Escola Mestre Morera, Escola Mediterrània e IES Miquel Tarradell) and organizations that work with vulnerable children (Basket Beat, Comusitària–Riborquestra, TEB Ravalnet-La Llama).

The project is unique in that, in addition to artistic training, the workshops also focus on developing critical reflection on social issues, and especially the situation of children’s rights; in this sense, the teachers receive the necessary prior training to incorporate these aspects in their teaching. The children choose the musical or theatrical themes based on what they have reflected on and work on these with the educators in a process that also fosters the development of skills, such as living together, working as a group, resolving conflicts, assuming responsibilities and cooperating.

One of the key elements of the project is the organization of different concerts-events in which the children preform their own works, which include a social message. This way, in addition to showing what they have learned, the artistic creation also becomes an element for social integration and raising awareness of children’s rights.

With the collaboration of:


Logo-ajuntament-de-Barcelona.jpg
 

Photos

Summer lunchroom program

Summer lunchroom program

Summer lunchroom program

Summer lunchroom program

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